Recent research has increased attention on the wide-ranging and serious consequences of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs).  Over 45% of children in the United States – 33.3 million children – have experienced potentially traumatic events that impede their chances to be healthy, productive adults. ACEs can range from neglect or abuse to substance misuse by a parent, and they are a shared root cause of many of society’s most challenging problems. Elementary school success and school success ratesjuvenile incarcerationchallenges in the workplace, and numerous physical and mental health challenges are all associated with ACEs.  Foundations focused on issues such as education, economic opportunity, youth development, health, or community revitalization are beginning to recognize that ACEs are at the root of many of societies’ challenges.